I've been using mutt with offlineimap and msmtp (dead link, coming soon.) for a while now, and I want to use this post to collect some features and tips that I've found myself often searching for.
- Finding messages in the current folder
- Tagging messages and doing bulk actions
- Changing the filename of the PGP signature attachment
- “From”-specific signatures
Finding messages in the current folder
The default keybinding for searching the current folder is
l. After you've
entered search/limiting mode, you can use a wide variety of combinations of
flags and regular expressions to match messages:
Note that limiting only matches the subject and the sender's name by default.
~N New/unread messages
~F Flagged messages
~B Search the whole message, not only subject and sender's name
~A All messages (you can also use
See the official mutt documentation for a full list of available patterns.
A common thing to do is to tag/mark all messages meeting certain criterias.
This is very easy to do in mutt using the
tag-pattern function. By
default, this function is bound to
T (that's shift+t). You can then use the
same flags and regular expressions as you can when limiting messages.
tag-pattern only selects messages in the current folder/mailbox
After tagging messages, you'll most likely want to do something with them. This
is where the
tag-prefix operator comes into play. This operator tells mutt
to apply the next operation to all tagged messages. The default keybinding for
Here's an example of how to tag all unread messages and mark them as read:
T # Invokes the tag-pattern function ~N # Tags all unread messages ; # tag-prefix operator, next operation will be applied to all tagged messages W # Clear flag N # Clear the N (unread) flag
In the beginning I often found myself searching for how to untag messages. It can be done the same as you tag messages, except that you have to use CTRL instead of SHIFT:
^t <pattern>. To untag all messages, type
Changing the PGP signature attachment's filename
When using mutt with PGP, the default filename of the signature attachment
noname. Although this is a commonly used filename, I personally want it to
signature.asc. To be able to do this, you'll need to install mutt
pgp-verbose-mime-patch. I've covered how to install mutt on Mac
OS X with this patch in the post My mutt setup (dead link, coming soon).
After you've installed mutt with this patch, it's very simple to change the
signature attachment's filename. All you have to do is add the following line to
set pgp_mime_signature_filename = 'signature.asc'
I have different email addresses based on what “role” I have. One (with several aliases) is for personal stuff, one is for work related stuff and one is for my freelance company. I'd like mutt to change my signature based on which address I send the email from. This is also fairly easy to accomplish. Just add the following line to
.muttrc for each account you would like a specific signature for:
send-hook "~f email@example.com" 'set signature=~/.mutt/signature_for_address1'
This will tell mutt that “whenever I send a message from
firstname.lastname@example.org, use the signature in the file
That's it for now. I'll continue to add useful mutt tips to this post.
June 21, 2015
You can verify that this post was written by me by pasting the signature into keybase.io/verify.